You and your babyAs a parent, knowing basic First Aid is vital. We cannot keep an eye on our children every second of the day, so it is good to be prepared.

We would encourage you to go on a First Aid course, there are even ones designed specifically to teach First Aid for small children, covering all the problems little ones can encounter – from eating something they shouldn’t to sticking beads up their nose!

Until you take that course, here are some tips:

If your child stops breathing and you are confident giving CPR, do so immediately. Send someone else to get help. Start with five rescue breaths, using the same technique as described in our CPR post.

With children under 1, don’t overextend their chin and cover both their mouth and nose with your mouth. Give 30 gentle compressions using two fingers for a baby and the heel of your hand for a child. Make sure you only push down one third of the depth of their chest and no more.

If you have to leave them, do one minute of CPR before leaving to get help.

Children love sticking things into their ears and nose, but if nose blowing or water poured into the ear doesn’t dislodge the item take them to hospital. Don’t try and remove it yourself – you may make things worse by pushing it further in.

If your baby is choking, do not attempt abdominal thrusts as this can damage internal organs. Alternate between back blows – laying the child on your forearm and supporting the head and neck – and chest compressions. Alternate between the two for three cycles before calling for help if the object has not been removed. Keep going until help arrives.

Children often eat things they shouldn’t and if they have swallowed something toxic call 999. Don’t try and make them vomit as this can cause further damage. Find out what they’ve taken and if it not tablets, get them to sip cold water or milk.